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こんいしは!How do you use the japanese verb "-te" form?

北風
Asked 7 years ago

I don't understand.

Know someone who might be able to answer this question?

1 Answer

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The "-te" form can either be used as a command, a present progressive, or give permission for or restrict an action. First, you need to recognize how to conjugate a verb into the "-te" form. Verbs that end in う, つ, and る (u verb form of る) conjugate as って. A few examples:

がんばる ---> がんばって

かう ---> かって

たつ ---> たって

Verbs that end in る (the verb form where you drop the る from the infinitive to conjugate a verb) also drop the る in conjugating to the "-te" form. The following examples are:

たべる ---> たべて

ねる ---> ねて

あげる ---> あげて

Verbs that end in ぬ, む, and ぶ conjugate as んで. Such as:

しぬ ---> しんで

よむ ---> よんで

あそぶ ---> あそんで

Verbs that end in く conjugate as いて. A couple examples:

きく ---> きいて

かく ---> かいて

Verbs that end in ぐ conjugate as いで. An examples:

およぐ ---> およいで

Verbs that end in す conjugate as して. A couple examples:

はなす ---> はなして

かえす ---> かえして

The verb 行く ( いく - to go) is an exception:

いく ---> いって

The irregular verbs する and くる conjugate as follows:

する ---> して

くる ---> きて

Now to use the "-te" forms. They can be used as commands (make sure to add ください for politeness!):

あさごはんをたべて(ください)。                                      (Please) Eat your breakfast.

てをあげて(ください)。                                                  (Please) Raise your hand.

Also, "-te" forms can be used as present progressives:

わたしはときょうにすんでいます。                                   I live in Tokyo. (I am currently living in tokyo)

しんでいますよ!                                                         I'm dying!

Lastly (from what I know), the "-te" forms can be used to give permission or restrict from doing:

タバコをすってはいけません。                                        You are not allowed to smoke.

このプールでおよいでもいいです。                                  You may swim in this pool.

I hope that I was clear enough to help. One more thing before I go, from your title, it's こんにちは.

Quinn
Answered 7 years ago