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です or います?

モモ
Asked 7 years ago

Please help me get the difference between the two verbs.

I encountered them in the same context in the lesson Keeping It In The Family.

John: 私のみぎにおばさんとおじさんがいます。

Kennichi: そしておとうさんはおかあさんのとなりですか。

Why does John use います and Kennichi です? Both family members are animated and they are used in the description of the photo.

Know someone who might be able to answer this question?

2 Answers

1
Vote
+0

います means 'there are', And です means' is/are'. John was saying 'There are uncle and aunt to my right', But Kennichi said,'Dad and I are next to mother'.

sakura229
Answered 7 years ago

0
Votes

います expresses a state. It is used specifically for living things – people and animals. It can be translated as the "to be" verb.

On the flip side, if there was an inanimate object to the right of John, the verb あります would be used.

 

です in the second sentence also can be translated as the "to be" verb, but it is called the copula.

 

The second sentence となり can actually be expressed in two ways: おとうさんはおかあさんのとなりです。or おとうさんはおかあさんのとなりにいます。In the second way, います is used instead of です. Wait, what?! います expressing a state, takes the particle に with となり while です the copula does not take particles.

Hana-chan in Japan
Answered 7 years ago