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Past Tense Describing The Present

melon
Asked 5 years ago

Hi,

I'm really confused. I still don't understand why the past tense is used in these sentences?


I am tired = つかれた

I am hungry = おなかがすき

The train is coming = でしゃがきた

 

If it means 'to become' why can't you say  ’おなかがすくになった’ I became hungry

 

 

It's just the way there. It's more of a... habit? I guess. It's like in the old times in japan, they usually use "gozaru" in the ending and stuff

Dillah
Commented 5 years ago

It's just the way there. It's more of a... habit? I guess. It's like in the old times in japan, they usually use "gozaru" in the ending and stuff

Dillah
Commented 5 years ago

Thanks!

melon
Commented 5 years ago

Know someone who might be able to answer this question?

1 Answer

0
Votes

You could say them in present tense, too.  They usually are said in "present progressive forms."  Let's see.

I am tired = つかれた

⇒つかれています。

I am hungry = おなかがすきました

⇒おなかがすいています。

The train is coming = でしゃがきた

でんしゃがきています。

If you say them in "plain present forms," we think that you're talking about the near future.

つかれる (I will be tired.)

おなかがすく (I will be hungry.)

でんしゃがくる (The train will come.)

Hope this helps!

Masako
Answered 5 years ago

Is there a difference between tsukareta and tsukareteimasu? Does tsukareta mean... i just got tired (completed action) and tsukareteimasu means... I am still currently tired? (uncompleted action)

melon
Commented 5 years ago

I think there is a minor difference between Tsukareta and Tsukareteimasu. When the action, that made you tired, is completed, you tend to use tsukareta. On the other hand, tsukareteimasu sounds like (not always) you're still working on the thing that has made you tired. Great question!

Masako
Commented 5 years ago

Thanks Masako for your answer. I really understand it better now.

melon
Commented 5 years ago