2 questions.

Asked 4 years ago

1st . i want to ask regarding long vocal and the addition of --- 

when do we add vocal or use  dash ( --- ) in words, for example for grandmother we spell おばさん with additional あ . whereas cookie, we spell it クッキー with addition ー . but both are pronouce a bit long on obaasan and kukki~  so when to use additional vocal or - ? 


2nd . i want to ask regarding the な adj. only apply hiragana な if the adj is not end with い ?? but for the sentence a job is important ( しごと は たいせつ です ) doesnt apply な


First part: one is when you use hiragana, the - is for katakana long vowels. Second part: it doesn't apply in your sentence. if you switched the words around it would be たいせつなしごとです。 If I'm wrong, wait for the next person to correct me!

Commented 4 years ago

You wrote it, "The job is important." I wrote it, "An important job." something like that. When the adjective comes before, that's when you would add the な

Commented 4 years ago

ohh. okay now i get it. thank you thank you :)))

Commented 4 years ago

Know someone who might be able to answer this question?

1 Answer


With Japanese adjectives, there is an important difference between な-adjectives and い-adjectives.

い-adjectives can be used without any particle (あたらしい しごと)but な-adjectives require you to add な in certain occations (たいせつなしごと).

However, not all adjectives that end in い are い-adjectives. For instance, きれい is a な-adjective (きれいなかお).

For your other question, the ー is almost exclusively used within katakana words. It would be very strange to write grandmother as おばーさん.

Answered 4 years ago

okayy got it. thank you sir :)

Commented 4 years ago