2 questions.

Aihara
Asked 11 months ago

1st . i want to ask regarding long vocal and the addition of --- 

when do we add vocal or use  dash ( --- ) in words, for example for grandmother we spell おばさん with additional あ . whereas cookie, we spell it クッキー with addition ー . but both are pronouce a bit long on obaasan and kukki~  so when to use additional vocal or - ? 

 

2nd . i want to ask regarding the な adj. only apply hiragana な if the adj is not end with い ?? but for the sentence a job is important ( しごと は たいせつ です ) doesnt apply な

:(((( 

First part: one is when you use hiragana, the - is for katakana long vowels. Second part: it doesn't apply in your sentence. if you switched the words around it would be たいせつなしごとです。 If I'm wrong, wait for the next person to correct me!

Thuper
Commented 11 months ago

You wrote it, "The job is important." I wrote it, "An important job." something like that. When the adjective comes before, that's when you would add the な

Thuper
Commented 11 months ago

ohh. okay now i get it. thank you thank you :)))

Aihara
Commented 11 months ago

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With Japanese adjectives, there is an important difference between な-adjectives and い-adjectives.

い-adjectives can be used without any particle (あたらしい しごと)but な-adjectives require you to add な in certain occations (たいせつなしごと).

However, not all adjectives that end in い are い-adjectives. For instance, きれい is a な-adjective (きれいなかお).

For your other question, the ー is almost exclusively used within katakana words. It would be very strange to write grandmother as おばーさん.

Robb216
Answered 11 months ago

okayy got it. thank you sir :)

Aihara
Commented 11 months ago