Japanese Dictionary

Reading and JLPT level
居る JLPT 4
Kana Reading
おる
Romaji
oru
Word Senses
  • Parts of speech
    Godan verb with `ru' ending, intransitive verb
    Meaning
    to be (animate); to be; to exist
  • Parts of speech
    Godan verb with `ru' ending, auxiliary verb
    Meaning
    (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing)
  • Parts of speech
    Meaning
    (after -masu base of verb) indicates contempt or disdain for another's actions

Verb Conjugations

Non-Past

Plain
居る
Plain Polite
居ます
Negative
居ない
Negative Polite
居ません

Past

Plain
居た
Plain Polite
居ました
Negative
居なかった
Negative Polite
居ませんでした

Te

Plain
居て
Plain Polite
居まして
Negative
--
Negative Polite
--

Passive

Plain
居られる
Plain Polite
居られます
Negative
居られない
Negative Polite
居られません

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Kanji in this word

JLPT 3

8 strokes

reside, to be, exist, live with

On'Yomi: キョ,

Kun'Yomi: い.る, -い, お.る

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