Japanese history - early modern




冷や飯食い, 冷飯食い, ひやめしくい, ひやめしぐい

hanger-on, dependent, someone who is received coldly, third, fourth, fifth, etc. sons (during the Edo period when only the oldest male could inherit an estate)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

俵責め, たわらぜめ

Edo-period form of torture in which criminals were stuffed into straw bags with their heads exposed, piled together, and whipped (commonly used on Christians)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

簀巻き, 簀巻, す巻, すまき

wrapping something in a bamboo mat, wrapping somebody in a bamboo mat and throwing him in a river (Edo period unofficial punishment)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

牢問, ろうもん

whipping, stone placement, and shrimp-tie bondage (three forms of Edo-period torture)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

四公六民, しこうろくみん

land-tax system during the Edo period under which the government took 40% of the year's crop and the farmers kept 60%

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

高札, こうさつ, たかふだ

official bulletin board (Edo period), highest bid, highest tender, your letter

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

非人, ひにん

one group comprising the lowest rank of Japan's Edo-period caste system (often ex-convicts or vagrants)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

穢多, えた

one group comprising the lowest rank of Japan's Edo-period caste system (people whose work usually involved handling human bodies or animal carcasses)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

飯盛女, 飯盛り女, めしもりおんな

maid at an inn who served clients and worked as a prostitute (Edo period)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

打ち首獄門, うちくびごくもん

beheading followed by mounting of the head on a pike in front of the prison (Edo period)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

丁髷, ちょんまげ

topknot (hair style)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

お白州, おしらす

court of law in the Edo period, in which the parties sat on white sand

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

蘭方, らんぽう

Western medicine (as introduced to Japan by the Dutch during the Edo period)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

ありんす

variation of "arimasu" used by the prostitutes of the Yoshiwara red light district in the Edo period

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

名字帯刀, みょうじたいとう

the right to bear a surname and to wear a sword (during the Edo period)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

紅毛夷, こうもうい

late Edo-period pejorative for the Dutch, red-haired barbarian

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

宗門改, 宗門改め, しゅうもんあらため

Japanese religious census used to repress Christians (Edo period)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

暮れ六つ, くれむつ

Edo-period term for a time of day, roughly 6 pm

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

東海道五十三次, とうかいどうごじゅうさんつぎ

fifty-three stages on the Tokaido (Edo-Kyoto highway in Edo-period Japan)

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM

戯作, げさく, ぎさく

cheap literature, writing for amusement, light literature popular in the late Edo period

Added: Aug 9th 2017 06:13 AM