Japanese Dictionary

Reading and JLPT level

閉める

JLPT 5
Kana Reading
しめる
Romaji
shimeru
Word Senses
  • Parts of speech
    Ichidan verb, transitive verb
    Meaning
    to close; to shut
    Example sentence
    開けるは、カーテン閉めないで下さい Please don't draw the curtains when the window is open.

Examples of 閉める, しめる in a sentence


Verb Conjugations

Non-Past

Plain
閉める
Plain Polite
閉めます
Negative
閉めない
Negative Polite
閉めません

Past

Plain
閉めた
Plain Polite
閉めました
Negative
閉めなかった
Negative Polite
閉めませんでした

Te

Plain
閉めて
Plain Polite
閉めまして
Negative
--
Negative Polite
--

Passive

Plain
閉められる
Plain Polite
閉められます
Negative
閉められない
Negative Polite
閉められません

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